McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One constructor and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis contractor, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The team is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Manufacturers' Champions. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This began the group's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle throughout this period, the two winning every fitters' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika HÃ¤kkinen, and during the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to very long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he Mclaren had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to establish his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.